Ag Transportation

NGFA is the leading agribusiness group influencing national rail and barge policy. It advocates marketplace freedoms for all modes of transportation with proper safeguards to protect grain shippers/receivers, agricultural producers and the public when adequate competition does not exist.

The NGFA also offers unique rail arbitration and mediation services to resolve certain types of disputes between grain, feed and processing companies and railroads that are NGFA members.

The NGFA also advocates improvements to the U.S. inland waterways system and ports to preserve and enhance its role in cost-competive transport of grain, grain products and farm supplies.

Watch: July 9, 2020, webinar "Impacts of the Transportation System on Agricultural Products."
The Texas A&M Transportation Institute (TTI) conducted a study for the USDA Agricultural Marketing Service with the goal of identifying transportation costs associated with these goods. During the webinar, TTI researchers break down the study, which was developed to aid consumers in better understanding the importance of the transportation system and its effects on soybean and corn product prices. 


Having access to efficient, competitive rail transportation is crucial to the grain feed and processing industry, as well as its farmer-customers. While the modal share of grains, oilseeds and grain products hauled by rail has declined from 50 percent in 1980 to about 28 percent today, billions of bushels of grains and oilseeds still are shipped by rail each year. But significant U.S. crops are extremely reliant upon rail service — 72 percent of U.S. wheat moves to domestic and export markets by rail, as does 56 percent of U.S. barley.

Yet, agricultural producers and shippers now are dependent upon only four U.S. Class 1 carriers to haul the vast majority of grains and oilseeds shipped by rail. Those four railroads typically originate more than 80 percent of such traffic, compared to only 53 percent in 1980.

NGFA Rail Policy Priorities : This document includes an outline of NGFA's rail policy priorities, including: Providing clarity on the meaning of common-carrier obligations of rail carriers; rectifying commercially unfair, operationally impractical, economically harmful and non-reciprocal tariffs and accessorial charges; rail service performance reporting; and expediting Surface Transportation Board (STB) rulemaking proceedings.

Listen: NGFA Chairman Eric Wilkey, president of Arizona Grain LLC, discusses his experience with rail service and the importance of efficient rail transportation. 



For decades the U.S. transportation infrastructure system has provided U.S. agricultural producers and agribusinesses with a strong comparative advantage, fostering the ability to efficiently and competitively serve domestic and global markets. However, that infrastructure – particularly the inland waterways system – now risks becoming a potential detriment rather than a comparative advantage.


An efficient freight transportation system is vitally important to the grain, feed, processing and export industry because of the large volumes of commodities that are handled and the multiple modes and availability of sufficient capacity that is required to transport agricultural products between numerous origin-destination pairs.

Each year trucks move approximately 500 million tons of U.S.-produced grain from field to storage, which is the equivalent of 20 million truckloads. Further, after the initial movement to storage, grain often is transported at least one more time before arriving at its final destination – the end user.

NGFA Truck Policy Priorities : This document includes an outline of NGFA's truck policy priorities, which support NGFA's goal to increase trucking capacity and efficiency with the purpose of expanding the availability and productivity of transportation service for the grain and feed industry. 


Recent News

Recent articles, press releases and issue advisories on transportation.